CAYLUS, Anne Claude Philippe de Tobieres de. RECUEIL D'ANTIQUITES Egyptiennes, Etrusques, Grecques et Romaines. Paris, Chez Duchesne, 1761-1767. Seven volumes. Second edition of Volume I, with two title pages dated 1756 and 1761. First edition of Volumes II-VII (dated 1756, 1759, 1761, 1762, 1764, and 1767). Xix [3] 348pp. +[104]ff. plates; viii,429[3]pp. +[129]ff. plates; xxxvi,448pp. +[121]ff. plates; xx,418[1]pp. +[125]ff. plates; xxvi[2]348pp. +{121]FF. PLATES; XX, +132ff. plates; [4]xxviii,336pp. +[85]ff. plates. Lacking only 4 out 107 plates to Volume I, one plate out of 121 to Volume III, and seven out of 97 to Volume VII, leaving 818 of 830 numbered plates,(and 829 in total including four unnumbered plates and seven frontispieces). Several plates are out of order or misnumbered. A compendious and learned account of a formidable collection of antiquities, with over 800 plates, each with up to five objects depicted, plus headpieces and initials. Each object is discussed in detail in the text. Le Comte de Caylus was noted for many reasons, not all of them reputable, but primarily as a pioneer in the study of ancient objects, focussing on their subject matter and style with a critical eye. He left his collection to the King. He also studied the archaeological remains of the Gauls, and Volumes III-VII are titled "Recueil d'Antiquites Egyptiennes, Etrusques, Grecques, Romaines et Gauloises." Bound in full calf, the spines in six compartments, gilt with rococo floral tools and two morocco lettering-pieces. Wear to extremities; one board detached from each of Volumes I,II, and III; rear board of VII loose; some superficial splits to hinges and abrasions to boards. Light spotting here and there, faint dampstain to margins of two volumes, discoloration to tops of a few boards, but on the whole internally clean. An extraordinary record of early antiquarian scholarship.